stores, offices including manufacturing and industry offices,
restaurants, warehouses, schools, colleges, universities, hospitals
and other non-manufacturing entities, but does not include other
manufacturing activities or business, manufacturing or processing
activities in residential dwellings.
combining a variety of recyclable materials in one container for
v. to decay; n. humus-like organic product generated from
use of microbes to break down organic matter into a useful
process by which something is made impure or unsuitable for
further use, e.g., recyclables are considered "contaminated" when
they are improperly sorted or not properly rinsed, thus they must be
thrown away rather than recycled.
the middle wavy layer of a cardboard box.
money paid by consumer to retailer for returnable beverage
containers, refunded to consumer when container is returned to
a product designed to be thrown away after one use.
discharging, depositing, injecting, dumping, incinerating,
leaking or placing of any waste into or on any land, air or water.
recovery in which all or part of the solid waste materials are
processed to use the heat content, or other forms of energy, of or
from the material.
includes a franchise, certificate, contract, or license issued
by a local government unit authorizing a person to provide solid
waste management services.
anything considered worthless and thrown away.
source of production, in this case of waste or recyclable
HDPE - high-density polyethylene
plastic resin used to produce milk jugs, two-liter soda bottle
bases, and plastic grocery bags.
a group of people, ideas, objects, etc. arranged in a graded
series (high to low, good to bad, etc.).
reducing the volume of solid wastes by use of an enclosed device
with controlled flame combustion; the furnace, boiler, kiln, etc.,
where wastes are burned under controlled conditions.
a disposal facility at which solid waste is placed on or in the
LDPE - low-density polyethylene
plastic resin used to make cellophane wrap, diaper liners, and
some squeeze bottles.
liquid that has percolated through solid waste and/or been
generated by decomposition of solid waste--contains dissolved,
extracted, or suspended materials. May contaminate ground or surface
water, and is especially a problem in areas of high rainfall and
porous, sandy-gravely soil.
the useful lifetime of a resource or product from its initial
mining or manufacturing, through usable life, salvage or recycling
for use in or as a new product.
Material recovery facility (MRF)
facility designed to remove usable products or resources from
the waste stream.
Multifamily housing complex
in Oregon, a building consisting of 5 or more units is
considered a "commercial" generator for the purposes of waste
classification and calculation of the state's waste recovery rates.
a material source of wealth occurring in nature such as timber,
fresh water, wildlife, or a mineral deposit.
natural materials that, for one reason or another (scarcity,
length of time required for formation, rapid depletion rate, etc.)
are considered finite and exhaustible.
material that is living or has been living that the user has
determined is no longer useful and has "thrown away."
the wrappings, container, or sealing of a commodity.
PET - polyethylene terephthalate
a plastic resin used to manufacture plastic soda bottles and
other transparent containers that is the most commonly recycled
PP - polypropylene
a light, highly resistant plastic resin used in packaging,
coating, pipes, and tubes.
PS - polystyrene
plastic resin generally referred to as "Styrofoam" that is used
in coffee cups, egg cartons, and almost all packaging pellets.
PVC - vinyl/polyvinyl chloride
a plastic resin used to produce pipe.
resources in their naturally occurring unrefined or unprocessed
a deduction from the amount to be paid or a return of part of an
amount given in payment.
any material or group of materials that can be collected and
sold for recycling at a net cost, equal to or less than, the cost of
collection and disposal of the same material.
any process by which solid waste materials are transformed into
new products in such a manner that the original products may lose
(also referred to as "waste prevention") to reduce the amount of
solid waste generated or resources used, without increasing
toxicity, in the design, manufacture, purchase or use of products or
packaging. Does not include reuse, recycling, or composting.
government agency with the assignment to enforce regulations
passed by legislative process.
a natural resource that can be renewed or regenerated by natural
ecological cycles or sound management practices, such as trees and
a supply of something that can be used or drawn from.
Resource Efficiency Program (of the DEQ)
a community-based approach that works with businesses, schools,
and governmental facilities to help identify ways to conserve
materials (through waste prevention, recycling or composting),
water, and energy.
a beverage container on which a deposit is paid at the time of
purchase for which the deposit is refunded when the container is
taken back to the point of purchase.
the return of a commodity into the economic stream for use in
the same kind of application as before without change in its
a site designated for the burial of wastes in which the waste is
spread out, compacted and covered with a layer of dirt. The site is
constructed to reduce hazards to public health and safety, and under
federal law must include an impermeable lower liner to block the
movement of leachate into ground water, a leachate collection
system, gravel layers to control methane, and other features.
all useless or discarded putrescible or nonputrescible
materials, including but not limited to garbage, rubbish, refuse,
ashes, paper and cardboard, sewage sludge, septic tank and cesspool
pumpings or other sludge, useless or discarded commercial,
industrial, demolition and construction materials; discarded or
abandoned vehicles or parts thereof; discarded home and industrial
appliances; manure, vegetable or animal solid and semisolid
materials, dead animals and infectious waste as defined in ORS
459.386. Solid waste does not include hazardous waste or materials
used for fertilizer.
sorting recyclable materials into specific types (such as paper,
aluminum, steel, and glass) by the person who last uses the
materials before collection for recycling.
reducing the amount of waste generated at the source of the
waste (the more popular term is "waste prevention").
responsibility for management and use of a resource or place.
the state of withstanding by replacing a resource at a rate
equal to or greater than the rate it is being utilized.
monetary incentives provided for taking particular actions in
the form of a reduction of required taxes.
hazardous materials that are poisonous, harmful, destructive, or
the degree to which a toxic is poisonous.
a holding facility for garbage where waste is reloaded into
large trucks for more cost-efficient transportation to landfills,
recycling dealers, and resource recovery sites.
process of using worms and their by-products to produce
partially decomposed organic waste material for use as a soil
the process of assessing the amount and kinds of waste produced
in a given time period at a given site.
the "stream" of materials thrown away, including items which
could be recycled or burned for energy recovery.
reducing the amount of waste generated and disposed using
strategies such as waste prevention, reuse, recycling, composting or
the areas of the state of Oregon as defined in ORS 459A.010 and
OAR 340-090-0050 (comparable to counties except for the Metro
wasteshed, which includes Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington
counties; and the city of Milton-Freewater, which is its own
components of the waste stream by kind of material (paper,
plastic, wood, food, etc.).
process of dealing with waste.
to reduce the amount of solid waste generated or resources used,
without increasing toxicity, in the design, manufacture, purchase or
use of products or packaging. Does not include reuse, recycling, or